Readers ask: When to use et al.Apa?

When Should et al be used in APA Style?

in APA Style. In APA Style in-text citations, when a source has two authors, list both. When there are three or more authors, cite the first author followed by “et al.” APA does not recommend using “et al.” in the reference list.

When can you use et al in APA in-text citation?

General Use of Et Al.

Specifically, articles with one or two authors include all names in every in-text citation; articles with three, four, or five authors include all names in the first in-text citation but are abbreviated to the first author name plus et al.

How do you cite more than 5 authors in APA?

Provide all the authors‘ last names when you first refer to a document with 3-5 authors. Only list the first author with the Latin abbreviation “et al.” for any subsequent references. Example: Jones, Chavez, Jackson, and Chen (2010) duplicated

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Can I use et al in APA?

Only use et al.

The abbreviation “et al.” is used only for in-text citations in the 7th edition. This means that references in APA 7 do NOT use the phrase “et al.”

How many authors do you list before et al?

Only when a work has six or more authors should the first in-text citation consist of the first author followed by et al. With five or fewer authors, all the author surnames should be spelled out at first mention.

Do you use et al for 3 authors?

The abbreviation “et al.” (meaning “and others”) is used to shorten in-text citations with three or more authors. Only include the first author’s last name, followed by “et al.”, a comma and the year of publication, for example (Taylor et al., 2018).

Can you use et al in reference list?

The term “al.” is an abbreviation of “alii” and, the entire phrase “et al.” always follows at least one person’s name, job position, or title. With that said, “et al.” replaces author names in endnotes, footnotes, and in-text citations; however, it is NOT used in reference lists!

How do you use et al example?

When dealing with a work by three to five authors in APA format, use the first author’s last name in the signal phrase or parentheses, followed by et al. For example: Lucas et al.

Can I use et al in an email?

Dear and hello are warm, positive words. Et al., the abbreviation of et alii, is about as friendly as a flu shot. They don’t fit well together. The use of et al. is not standard in greetings, so people will stumble over it, wondering whether they missed an important new rule somewhere.

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How do you cite more than 10 authors in APA?

For the in-text citation for a book with eight or more authors, include the first author and then ‘et al. ‘. Include the first six authors‘ names, then insert three ellipsis points and add the last author name in the Reference List.

How do you cite 3 authors in APA?

Citing Works With Three or More Authors

Include only the last name of the first author, followed by “et al.” and the year published in all narrative and parenthetical citations APA. Note: The reference entry should list the names of up to 20 authors.

How do you cite in APA format?

When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

Does APA have a comma before et al?

Remember that there is no comma between the surname and “et al.,” and the period goes only after the “al.” The English translation of “et al.” is “and others.” A helpful table of this rule can be found in APA 7, Table 8.1.

How do you cite et al in-text Harvard?

In the citation, if a source has three or more authors, the name of the first author should be given, followed by the phrase “et al.” Example citations: It was emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent (Jones et al., 2011).

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