- 1 What property of water explains the ability of a water strider to walk on water?
- 2 What does water’s high specific heat mean?
- 3 What does it mean if a water molecule is polar?
- 4 Which of the following is an example of a hydrophobic material?
- 5 What property causes water to bead up on the hood?
- 6 What are the 5 unique properties of water?
- 7 Why is specific heat of water so high?
- 8 Which liquid has the highest specific heat?
- 9 How does the high specific heat of water affect your body?
- 10 Why is water attracted to positive and negative charges?
- 11 Why does oxygen have a negative charge in water?
- 12 What is polar and nonpolar?
- 13 What is the most hydrophobic material?
- 14 How do you know if something is hydrophobic?
- 15 Which of the following is hydrophobic in the eye?
What property of water explains the ability of a water strider to walk on water?
Water striders are able to walk on top of water due to a combination of several factors. Water striders use the high surface tension of water and long, hydrophobic legs to help them stay above water. Water striders use this surface tension to their advantage through their highly adapted legs and distributed weight.
What does water’s high specific heat mean?
Specific heat is defined by the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a substance 1 degree Celsius (°C). Water has a high specific heat capacity which we’ll refer to as simply “heat capacity“, meaning it takes more energy to increase the temperature of water compared to other substances.
What does it mean if a water molecule is polar?
Therefore, water is said to be a “polar” molecule, which means that there is an uneven distribution of electron density. A hydrogen bond is a non-covalent bond between a partial negative charge and a partial positive charge. Hydrogen bonds tend to be weak. Hydrogen bonds tend to be transient.
Which of the following is an example of a hydrophobic material?
Examples of hydrophobic molecules include the alkanes, oils, fats, and greasy substances in general. Hydrophobic materials are used for oil removal from water, the management of oil spills, and chemical separation processes to remove non-polar substances from polar compounds.
What property causes water to bead up on the hood?
This property is called cohesion. When water sticks to something else, it is called adhesion. Because water sticks so strongly to itself, it tends to bead up on slick surfaces like a car’s hood or windshield. Water also forms a “skin” on its outer surface.
What are the 5 unique properties of water?
The five main properties that will be discussed in this article are its attraction to polar molecules, its high specific heat, the high heat of vaporization, the lower density of ice, and its high polarity.
Why is specific heat of water so high?
Water’s high heat capacity is a property caused by hydrogen bonding among water molecules. When the temperature of water decreases, the hydrogen bonds are formed and release a considerable amount of energy. Water has the highest specific heat capacity of any liquid.
Which liquid has the highest specific heat?
Water has the highest specific heat capacity of any liquid. Specific heat is defined as the amount of heat one gram of a substance must absorb or lose to change its temperature by one degree Celsius. For water, this amount is one calorie, or 4.184 Joules.
How does the high specific heat of water affect your body?
Water has a relatively high specific heat, or heat capacity, meaning it can absorb a lot of heat before its temperature rises. This trait helps it to stabilize temperature in its surroundings. Water evaporates from the skin and lungs to cool the body.
Why is water attracted to positive and negative charges?
Opposite charges attract one another. The slight positive charges on the hydrogen atoms in a water molecule attract the slight negative charges on the oxygen atoms of other water molecules. This tiny force of attraction is called a hydrogen bond.
Why does oxygen have a negative charge in water?
The imbalance of attraction between hydrogen and oxygen for electrons leads to asymmetry in the shape of water molecules. The two pairs of unshared electrons at the oxygen side of the molecule, combined with the higher electronegativity of the oxygen atom, produce a slight negative charge at the oxygen end. >>
What is polar and nonpolar?
Nonpolar bonds form between two atoms that share their electrons equally. Polar bonds form when two bonded atoms share electrons unequally.
What is the most hydrophobic material?
Ultrahydrophobic (or superhydrophobic) surfaces are highly hydrophobic, i.e., extremely difficult to wet. The contact angles of a water droplet on an ultrahydrophobic material exceed 150°. This is also referred to as the lotus effect, after the superhydrophobic leaves of the lotus plant.
How do you know if something is hydrophobic?
If there are no local regions of high or low electron density in the molecule, it is called hydrophobic (Greek for “water-fearing”). This term arises because hydrophobic molecules do not dissolve in water.
Which of the following is hydrophobic in the eye?
The corneal epithelial surface is intrinsically hydrophobic (water-repelling). The cornea epithelium has microvilli that project outward from its surface. Goblet cells from the conjunctiva produce mucous, which migrates across the epithelial surface.