Often asked: When do you use footnotes?

When should I use a footnote?

Like MLA, APA discourages the use of footnotes unless absolutely necessary. Even then, the guide recommends that footnotes only be used to provide content notes (such as providing brief, supplemental information about the text or directing readers to additional information) and to denote copyright permissions.

When should I use footnotes or endnotes?

Footnotes are used as a citation vehicle for a short citation, while endnotes can contain more text without compromising the format of the paper.

What is a footnote and how do you use it?

A footnote is a reference placed at the bottom of a page or footer. When writing your research paper, you would use a footnote to cite sources of facts or quotations. Footnotes are referenced in the text in the same way as a citation.

When should you use footnotes in an APA paper?

With APA 7 style, you should use footnotes only when you absolutely must. Ask your instructor for clarification. The purpose of footnotes is to add to or clarify a point. Footnotes are also used to add copyright information.

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Where do you put footnotes?

Footnote or endnote numbers in the text should follow punctuation, and preferably be placed at the end of a sentence. When citing the source for a quotation, the number should be placed at the end of the quotation and not after the author’s name if that appears first in the text.

Do I need a bibliography if I have footnotes?

Full notes and short notes

Full notes contain the full publication details of the source. They are only used in texts without a bibliography. If you do not include a bibliography, the first citation for each source should be a full note.

Can I use both footnotes and endnotes?

Although it is unlikely you will need to include both footnotes and endnotes in your Chicago style format essay, it is acceptable, if needed. Follow your assignment rubric and ask your instructor if you need clarification on formatting your research paper.

How many footnotes should be on a page?

The number of footnotes to be used in a 20-30 page essay varies from student to student and subject to subject. If you begin your essay with four or five footnotes per page and then only have one footnote for the next six pages, then something is amiss.

Why are footnotes and endnotes important?

What is the purpose of a footnote or endnote? Footnotes and endnotes are both ways to add clarifying information into a document. They provide important details with which the reader may be unfamiliar. They often save the reader from looking up unfamilar words, people, places or sources.

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What is a footnote example?

Footnotes are notes placed at the bottom of a page. They cite references or comment on a designated part of the text above it. For example, say you want to add an interesting comment to a sentence you have written, but the comment is not directly related to the argument of your paragraph.

How do you format footnotes?

How Do I Format Footnotes in Turabian/Chicago Style?

  1. Each footnote should appear at the bottom of the page that includes its numbered in-text reference.
  2. For note numbers in the text, use superscript.
  3. Indent the first line of each note half an inch like a paragraph in the main text.
  4. Use a short line (or rule) to separate footnotes from the main text.

What is the difference between footnotes and bibliography?

Footnotes or endnotes are how you give credit to a source in the text itself. Footnotes/endnotes are formatted differently than bibliography citations. If do not include a bibliography, the footnotes/endnotes in your paper must be full citations.

Can APA use footnotes?

APA does not recommend the use of footnotes and endnotes because they are often expensive for publishers to reproduce. However, if explanatory notes still prove necessary to your document, APA details the use of two types of footnotes: content and copyright. Indent five spaces on the first line of each footnote.

How do you do footnotes in APA?

Indent the first line of each footnote five spaces from the left margin, and double-space the entire page. Each footnote number should be formatted as a superscript, and should be situated after all punctuation marks excluding a long dash (—).

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How do you use footnotes in a paper?

How to insert footnotes

  1. Place the cursor where you would like the superscript number to appear.
  2. Click on “Insert Footnote” in the “References” tab.
  3. The corresponding number will be automatically inserted in the footer ready for you to add the footnote citation.
  4. Type in your footnote citation.

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