List of statistical tests and when to use them pdf?

How do I know which statistical test to use?

You need to know what type of variables you are working with to choose the right statistical test for your data and interpret your results.

Statistical tests commonly assume that:

  1. the data are normally distributed.
  2. the groups that are being compared have similar variance.
  3. the data are independent.

What are types of statistical tests?

There are many different types of tests in statistics like t-test,Z-test,chi-square test, anova test,binomial test, one sample median test etc. Parametric tests are used if the data is normally distributed.

What statistical test is used for significant relationships?

The Pearson Chi square test is used to test whether a statistically significant relationship exists between two categorical variables (e.g. gender and type of car). It accompanies a crosstabulation between the two variables.

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What is the best statistical test to compare two groups?

Choosing a statistical test

Type of Data
Compare two unpaired groups Unpaired t test Fisher’s test (chi-square for large samples)
Compare two paired groups Paired t test McNemar’s test
Compare three or more unmatched groups One-way ANOVA Chi-square test
Compare three or more matched groups Repeated-measures ANOVA Cochrane Q**

What is the 2 types of statistics?

Two types of statistical methods are used in analyzing data: descriptive statistics and inferential statistics.

How do you interpret t-test results?

The basic format for reporting the result of a ttest is the same in each case (the color red means you substitute in the appropriate value from your study): t(degress of freedom) = the t statistic, p = p value. It’s the context you provide when reporting the result that tells the reader which type of ttest was used.

What are the types of statistical treatment?

Statistical treatment of data involves the use of statistical methods such as:

  • mean,
  • mode,
  • median,
  • regression,
  • conditional probability,
  • sampling,
  • standard deviation and.
  • distribution range.

What software is used for statistical analysis?

The Top 7 Statistical Tools You Need to Make Your Data Shine

  • SPSS (IBM)
  • R (R Foundation for Statistical Computing)
  • MATLAB (The Mathworks)
  • Microsoft Excel.
  • SAS (Statistical Analysis Software)
  • GraphPad Prism.
  • Minitab.

Why do we use statistical tests?

A statistical test provides a mechanism for making quantitative decisions about a process or processes. The intent is to determine whether there is enough evidence to “reject” a conjecture or hypothesis about the process. The conjecture is called the null hypothesis.

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What are the 5 types of correlation?


  • Pearson Correlation Coefficient.
  • Linear Correlation Coefficient.
  • Sample Correlation Coefficient.
  • Population Correlation Coefficient.

How do you tell if there is a significant difference between two groups?

If the means of the two groups are large relative to what we would expect to occur from sample to sample, we consider the difference to be significant. If the difference between the group means is small relative to the amount of sampling variability, the difference will not be significant.

How do you determine statistical significance between two groups?

Subtract the group two mean from the group one mean. Divide each variance by the number of observations minus 1. For example, if one group had a variance of 2186753 and 425 observations, you would divide 2186753 by 424. Take the square root of each result.

Can Anova be used to compare two groups?

For a comparison of more than two group means the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) is the appropriate method instead of the t test. As the ANOVA is based on the same assumption with the t test, the interest of ANOVA is on the locations of the distributions represented by means too.

How do you compare two data sets?

Common graphical displays (e.g., dotplots, boxplots, stemplots, bar charts) can be effective tools for comparing data from two or more data sets.

What does Anova test tell you?

The one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) is used to determine whether there are any statistically significant differences between the means of three or more independent (unrelated) groups.

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