- 1 When obtaining a sample history from a patient with diabetes would be most important to determine?
- 2 How do you assess a diabetic patient?
- 3 Which clinical findings may indicate diabetes mellitus in a patient?
- 4 What are the clinical manifestations of diabetes mellitus type 2 Select all that apply?
- 5 What health and lifestyle advice should a health care provider give to a patient recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes?
- 6 What are the complications of diabetes mellitus?
- 7 Why is the skin assessment important for a diabetic patient?
- 8 What should I ask a patient with diabetes?
- 9 What are the signs of hyperglycemia?
- 10 What does mellitus mean in diabetes?
- 11 Which manifestation is associated with hyperglycemia in a patient with diabetes mellitus?
- 12 What is the classification of diabetes mellitus?
- 13 Which organ is affected by diabetes?
- 14 Which finding would indicate that an individual with diabetes has a microvascular complication?
- 15 What level is hyperglycemia?
When obtaining a sample history from a patient with diabetes would be most important to determine?
Terms in this set (20) Which of the following conditions is the diabetic patient at an increased risk of developing? When obtaining a SAMPLE history from a patient with diabetes, it would be MOST important to determine: if he or she has had any recent illnesses or excessive stress.
How do you assess a diabetic patient?
A diabetes-focused examination includes vital signs, funduscopic examination, limited vascular and neurologic examinations, and a foot assessment. Other organ systems should be examined as indicated by the patient’s clinical situation.
Which clinical findings may indicate diabetes mellitus in a patient?
A blood glucose level of 11.1 mmol/L or more in the blood sample taken after two hours indicates diabetes.
There are the major indicators of diabetes:
- polyuria – the need to urinate frequently.
- polydipsia – increased thirst & fluid intake.
- polyphagia – increased appetite.
- weight loss.
What are the clinical manifestations of diabetes mellitus type 2 Select all that apply?
Excessive thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss are clinical symptoms of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Fatigue and recurrent infections are clinical manifestations of type 2 diabetes.
What health and lifestyle advice should a health care provider give to a patient recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes?
Treatments for type 2 diabetes – a healthy eating plan, regular exercise, and blood glucose lowering drugs – involve addressing both insulin resistance and the relative lack of insulin to control blood glucose levels.
What are the complications of diabetes mellitus?
- Cardiovascular disease.
- Nerve damage (neuropathy).
- Kidney damage (nephropathy).
- Eye damage (retinopathy).
- Foot damage.
- Skin conditions.
- Hearing impairment.
- Alzheimer’s disease.
Why is the skin assessment important for a diabetic patient?
Patients with diabetes mellitus are more prone to ulceration and infection than non-diabetics. Routine skin assessment allows detection of early changes. Patients presenting with skin or nail conditions should receive prompt referral to podiatry for skilled debridement and regular palliative care to prevent ulceration.
What should I ask a patient with diabetes?
What to ask the diabetic patient:
- When do you check your glucose?
- What is your glucose level at those times?
- How long has it been that high?
- Have you had hypoglycemia? Can you recognize the symptoms? What symptoms do you get? When? How often? What do you do whenever you experience hypoglycemic symptoms?
What are the signs of hyperglycemia?
Signs and symptoms include:
- Fruity-smelling breath.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Shortness of breath.
- Dry mouth.
- Abdominal pain.
What does mellitus mean in diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus (sometimes called “sugar diabetes“) is a condition that occurs when the body can’t use glucose (a type of sugar) normally. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body’s cells.
Which manifestation is associated with hyperglycemia in a patient with diabetes mellitus?
Hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) means there is too much sugar in the blood because the body lacks enough insulin. Associated with diabetes, hyperglycemia can cause vomiting, excessive hunger and thirst, rapid heartbeat, vision problems and other symptoms.
What is the classification of diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes can be classified into the following general categories: Type 1 diabetes (due to β-cell destruction, usually leading to absolute insulin deficiency) Type 2 diabetes (due to a progressive insulin secretory defect on the background of insulin resistance)
Which organ is affected by diabetes?
Diabetes affects your heart and your whole circulation. That includes small blood vessels in your kidneys, eyes, and nerves, and the big ones that feed your heart and brain and keep you alive. The damage starts with high blood sugar (glucose) and insulin levels.
Which finding would indicate that an individual with diabetes has a microvascular complication?
Which finding would indicate to the nurse that a client with diabetes has a microvascular complication? Nonproliferative retinopathy is a microvascular complication of diabetes. Ischemic cerebrovascular accidents, peripheral vascular disease, and coronary artery disease are macrovascular in nature.
What level is hyperglycemia?
Hyperglycemia, the term for expressing high blood sugar, has been defined by the World Health Organisation as: Blood glucose levels greater than 7.0 mmol/L (126 mg/dl) when fasting. Blood glucose levels greater than 11.0 mmol/L (200 mg/dl) 2 hours after meals.